Learn about STIs
STI/STD stands for Sexually Transmitted Infection/Disease. STIs are illnesses that have a significantly high probability of transmission by means of sexual contact, including vaginal intercourse, oral sex, and anal sex. Some STIs can also be transmitted through the use of an IV drug needle with an infected person and through childbirth or breastfeeding. Here are some facts you should know.
Chlamydia: the majority of people with chlamydia have no symptoms. If they do occur it's usually 1-3 weeks after infection. Abnormal genital discharge and burning during urination could occur in both men and women with chlamydia, as well as pain, swelling, or itching. Luckily, once diagnosed, treatment is a single dose of antibiotics.
Genital Herpes: you can contract genital herpes even if your partner does not have a outbreak. There is no cure for herpes but there is treatment to reduce the symptoms and outbreaks. Symptoms are rare, but when they do occur they may appear as one or more blisters around the genitals, rectum, or mouth in both men and women. The blisters break and leave sores that can take between two to four weeks to heal.
Genital Warts: caused by some types of Human Papillomavirus (HPV). Genital warts usually appear as a small bump or group of bumps around the genitals in both women and men. They range in size from small to large, raised or flat. They can appear within weeks or months after infection. Genital warts can be passed from one partner to another even if there are no signs of an outbreak. The HPV strain that causes genital warts is not the same strain that can lead to cancer. You may be infected with multiple strains, including a genital warts strain and a cancer causing strain.
Gonorrhea: symptoms from gonorrhea, when they occur, are often very mild. They may include burning during urination, abnormal discharge from the vagina, penis, or rectum, pain, swelling, and vaginal bleeding in between periods in women. Gonorrhea can be treated and cured with the proper antibiotics.
Syphilis: syphilis can be cured in it's early stages, but left untreated can cause severe, irreversible neurological damage. Symptoms include a firm, round, small, and painless sore on the site of contact. You may also experience a rash on the palms of the hands and the soles of the feet.
Visit the following sites for more information on STI's or come into the UAF and speak with a prevention counselor.
Other STI Info Sites
American Sexual Health Association
Find accurate facts and information about STI’s, prevention hotlines, resource centers and research, chat rooms and more.
Medline Plus - STD
Many links and web searches regarding STD prevention, transmission, research, education, and statistics. Also has many great links for clinical trials, STD glossaries and dictionaries.
CDC- STD Prevention
National Center for HIV, STD and TB Prevention Division of Sexually Transmitted Diseases. Gateway to many CDC links for STD prevention news, disease facts, and treatment.